# Operators in Python

In Python, operators are symbols or keywords that allow you to perform various operations on variables and values. There are several types of operators in Python, each with its own specific functionality. In this article, we’ll cover everything you need to know about Python operators.

Arithmetic Operators: Arithmetic operators are used to perform mathematical operations on numeric values. The following table lists the arithmetic operators in Python:

Here’s an example that uses arithmetic operators:

```x = 10
y = 3

print(x + y)   # Output: 13
print(x - y)   # Output: 7
print(x * y)   # Output: 30
print(x / y)   # Output: 3.3333333333333335
print(x // y)  # Output: 3
print(x % y)   # Output: 1
print(x ** y)  # Output: 1000
```

Comparison Operators: Comparison operators are used to compare two values and return a Boolean value (True or False) based on the comparison. The following table lists the comparison operators in Python: Here’s an example that uses comparison operators:

```x = 10
y = 5

print(x == y)   # Output: False
print(x != y)   # Output: True
print(x > y)    # Output: True
print(x < y)    # Output: False
print(x >= y)   # Output: True
print(x <= y)   # Output: False
```

Logical Operators: Logical operators are used to combine multiple Boolean expressions and return a Boolean value based on the result. The following table lists the logical operators in Python:

Here’s an example that uses logical operators:

```x = 5
y = 10
z = 15

print(x < y and y < z)   # Output: True
print(x < y or y > z)    # Output: True
print(not(x < y))        # Output: False
```

Assignment Operators: Assignment operators are used to assign a value to a variable. The following table lists the assignment operators in Python:

Bitwise Operators: Bitwise operators are used to perform operations on the binary representation of numbers. The following table lists the bitwise operators in Python:

Here’s an example that uses bitwise operators:

```x = 10    # Binary representation: 0b1010
y = 5     # Binary representation: 0b0101

print(x & y)    # Output: 0
print(x | y)    # Output: 15
print(x ^ y)    # Output: 15
print(~x)       # Output: -11
print(x << 1)   # Output: 20
print(x >> 1)   # Output: 5
```

Operator Precedence: Operator precedence refers to the order in which operators are evaluated in an expression. Python follows a specific order of precedence for its operators, which is shown in the following table (from highest to lowest precedence):

When an expression contains multiple operators with different precedence levels, Python evaluates them in the order specified by the table above. Parentheses can be used to group expressions and override the default precedence order.

Operators are an essential part of any programming language, and Python is no exception. By understanding the different types of operators available in Python and how they are used, you can write more complex and efficient code. Make sure to keep operator precedence in mind when writing expressions with multiple operators to ensure that your code executes as expected.

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